About Sugar

The Sugar Market

New Information from the Institute of Food Science and Technology provides technical analysis on dietary sugars


Production

Currently, more than 130 countries produce either sugarcane or sugar beet, and ten of these produce sugar from both cane and beet crops. Sugarcane, on average, accounts for 80% of global sugar production. Production has become increasingly concentrated. In 1980 the top ten producing countries accounted for 56 % of global, whereas in 2014 the top ten accounted for 75%.

10 LARGEST SUGAR PRODUCERS IN 2015   (mln t)

1

Brazil

34.24

2

India

28.87

3

EU-28

15.30

4

Thailand

11.00

5

China

10.26

6

USA

7.70

7

Pakistan

6.13

8

Mexico

5.88

9

Russian Fed.

5.10

10

Australia

4.82

 

WORLD

169,083

Source – ISO Sugar Yearbook


10 LARGEST CANE SUGAR PRODUCERS
10 LARGEST BEET SUGAR PRODUCERS

(in 2015 in mln metric tonnes, tel   quel)


1

Brazil

34.24

1

EU-28

15.04

2

India

28.87

2

Russian Fed.

5.10

3

Thailand

11.00

3

USA

4.43

4

China

9.49

4

Turkey

2.00

5

Pakistan

6.10

5

Ukraine

1.43

6

Mexico

5.88

6

Egypt, Arab Rep.

1.37

7

Australia

4.82

7

China

0.77

8

USA

3.28

8

Iran

0.66

9

Guatemala

2.84

9

Japan

0.62

10

Indonesia

2.51

10

Belarus

0.49

Source – ISO Sugar Yearbook


Sugarcrops offers production alternatives to food, such as livestock feed, fibre and energy, particularly biofuels (sugar-based ethanol) and/or co-generation of electricity (cane bagasse). Sugarcane is generally regarded as one of the most significant and efficient sources of biomass for biofuel production. Stronger linkages between world sugar and oil prices have emerged, driven in part by the relationships between sugar as the primary ethanol feedstock in Brazil, the world’ dominant producer of sugarcane-based ethanol in the world. A wide range of environmental and social issues are connected with sugar production and processing, and sugarcrop growers, processors, plus energy and food companies, are seeking ways to address concerns related to sugar production, biofuels and sustainability.

 Consumption

Developing countries account for 67 % of global sugar consumption, and are expected to be the primary sources of future demand growth, particularly in Asia. Global consumption continues to expand, averaging 1.93% over the past decade, driven largely by rising incomes, population growth and shifting dietary patterns.

 

10 LARGEST CONSUMERS

1

India

26.00

2

EU-28

17.88

3

China

15.45

4

Brazil

11.01

5

USA

10.83

6

Indonesia

6.05

7

Russian Fed.

5.50

8

Pakistan

4.86

9

Mexico

4.37

10

Egypt, Arab R.

3.27

 

World

168.67

Source – ISO Sugar Yearbook 


International Trade

World sugar trade averages some 56 mln tonnes/year. Raw sugar accounts for more than 60% of internationally trade volumes. Although many countries produce sugar, ten countries dominate global raw sugar exports, with Brazil, Australia, Thailand, Cuba, Guatemala, Colombia, Mexico, Pakistan and Swaziland accounting for 95 % of the trade in 2014. Brazil, as the largest producing and exporting country in the world, dominates world trade, accounting for 40% of global export trade in 2014, up from 21% in 2000.

China, Indonesia, the United states, the EU-28 and Malaysia were world’s largest importing nations in 2014. These are also major destinations for raw sugar. Key destinations for white sugar include the United States, Iraq, Sudan, Saudi Arabia and Sri Lanka.


10 LARGEST NET-EXPORTERS (in mln   metric tonnes, tel quel)

                                   TOTAL

        RAW SUGAR

           WHITE SUGAR

1

Brazil

24.01

1

Brazil

18.93

1

Brazil

5.08

2

Thailand

7.97

2

Australia

4.20

2

Thailand

4.13

3

Australia

4.38

3

Thailand

3.83

3

India

2.50

4

Guatemala

2.16

4

Guatemala

1.14

4

Guatemala

1.02

5

Mexico

1.67

5

Mexico

1.02

5

Mexico

0.65

6

India

1.26

6

Cuba

1.01

6

Pakistan

0.56

7

Cuba

1.07

7

El Salvador

0.47

7

EU-28

0.53

8

Colombia

0.66

8

Nicaragua

0.29

8

Colombia

0.50

9

Pakistan

0.66

9

Swaziland

0.24

9

Mauritius

0.40

10

Swaziland

0.62

10

Mozambique

0.23

10

Swaziland

0.38

Source – ISO Sugar Yearbook


10 LARGEST NET-IMPORTERS (in mln metric tonnes, tel quel)

TOTAL

RAW SUGAR

WHITE SUGAR

1

China

5.65

1

China

4.13

1

China

1.52

2

Indonesia

3.62

2

Indonesia

3.53

2

Sudan

1.46

3

USA

3.16

3

EU-28

2.33

3

USA

0.87

4

Bangladesh

2.15

4

USA

2.30

4

Uzbekistan

0.56

5

EU-28

1.80

5

Bangladesh

2.14

5

Saudi Arabia

0.56

6

Malaysia

1.70

6

Malaysia

1.78

6

Sri Lanka

0.54

7

Algeria

1.53

7

Korea, Rep. of

1.68

7

Syria

0.43

8

Korea, Rep. of

1.51

8

Algeria

1.67

8

Chile

0.36

9

Nigeria

1.48

9

Nigeria

1.48

9

Myanmar

0.35

10

Sudan

1.29

10

Japan

1.28

10

Russian Fed.

0.33

Source - ISO Sugar Yearbook




World Production, Imports, Exports, Consumption and Stocks, 2002 to 2015

Year

Production

Consumption

Year End Stocks

Exports

Imports

Adjustments for Unknown Trade

Free Market Net Exports

Free Market Net Imports

Per Capita Cons.

ISA Daily Price


--------------------------------------------------------------------Thousand Tonnes----------------------------------------------------------

Kgs.

US cents/lb

2002

133,050

130,185

81,696

42,162

42,182

3,288

32,070

32,893

21.1

6.89

2003

139,265

132,589

88,359

43,556

43,542

3,139

34,433

34,698

21.3

7.09

2004

139,840

137,939

90,295

44,634

44,660

3,687

34,540

34,737

22.0

7.17

2005

132,154

137,235

85,215

46,400

46,400

2,957

37,567

37,630

21.6

9.89

2006

141,528

142,789

83,953

48,398

48,397

4,923

38,599

38,714

21.9

14.77

2007

152,575

146,882

89,647

48,913

48,913

4,365

37,707

37,882

22.4

10.08

2008

152,773

152,717

89,687

47,911

47,896

4,534

38,135

38,224

23.0

12.80

2009

141,140

150,088

80,710

48,875

48,846

1,938

39,394

39,372

22.3

18.15

2010

147,023

153,652

74,091

54,181

54,191

3,543

42,377

42,414

22.5

21.29

2011

161,210

151,883

83,422

53,737

53,741

1,451

42,904

42,867

21.7

26.01

2012

171,156

160,783

93,795

56,407

56,407

4,349

43,481

43,755

22.7

21.54

2013

167,717

164,043

97,374

59,735

59,639

3,673

46,647

46,383

22.8

17.69

2014

173,156

166,659

103,802

58,026

57,957

4,399

44,404

44,455

22.9

17.00

2015

169,083

168,677

104,208

59,600

59,601

2,842

46,226

46,172

23.0

13.43

Source - ISO Sugar Yearbook